Hematología del Burro
|RBC 1012/l||5.5||(4 - 7.3)||Red blood cells, packed cell volume, haemoglobin:
Elevations in RBC, PCV, and Hb may occur in dehydration and with stress, excitation and exercise. A reduction in these values may occur with acute haemorrhage, chronic inflammation, renal disease, hepatic disease, parasitism, haemolysis, and haematopoietic neoplasia.
|Hematócrito %||33||(25 - 38)||As above|
|Hemoglobina g/dl||11.6||(9 - 15.3)||As above|
|MCH pg||21.9||(18.9 - 28.6)||Mean corpuscular haematology:
Elevations occur with haemolysis. Reductions usually indicate iron deficiency.
|CHCM g/dl||34.8||(31.4 - 39.1)||Mean corpuscular haematological concentration:
Elevations occur with haemolysis. Reductions may indicate iron deficiency.
|VGM fl||64||(57 - 79)||Macrocytosis seen with regenerative anaemia. Microcytosis seen with iron deficiency.|
|Leucocitos 109/l||10.2||(6.1 - 16.1)||White blood cells. The total number of WBC is influenced by the numbers of neutrophils, lymphocytes, eosinophils, monocytes and basophils. Leucocytosis is seen with septic and non-septic inflammatory conditions. Leucopaenia can occur
during viral infection and severe leucopenia with acute bacterial infections.
|NEU %||50.5||(28 - 78)||Neutrophils. Neutrophilia can arise transiently due to exercise, excitement and stress. Elevations are seen with septic and non-septic inflammatory conditions and acute bacterial infections. Corticosteroids, exogenous and endogenous, also cause a neutrophilia. Neutropenia can occur during viral infections.|
|NEU T 109/l||5.0||(2.2 - 13.3)||As above|
|EOS %||4||(1 - 10)||Eosinófilos. Eosinophilia may be seen as a result of parasitism, allergic respiratory disease and eosinophilic leukaemia. Eosinopaenia is hard to evaluate as the numbers of eosinophils in normal donkeys are low.|
|EOS T 109/l||0.38||(0.09 - 1.15)||As above|
|BAS %||0||(0 - 0.8)||Basófilos. Basophilia is rare in donkeys.|
|BAS T 109/l||0||(0 - 0.5)||As above|
|LYM %||43||(17 - 65)||Linfocitos. Lymphocytosis occurs in response to chronic viral infections, autoimmune disease and with excitement or exercise. Large elevations in lymphocyte numbers can be seen in lymphoma. Lymphopaenia occurs as a result of stress, exogenous corticosteroid administration, severe bacterial or viral infections, endotoxemia and immunodeficiency.|
|LYM T 109/l||4.2||(1.8 - 7.8)||As above|
|MON %||1||(0 - 5)||Monocitos. Monocytosis can occur as a result of chronic suppurative and granulomatous inflammation. It may also be seen during recovery from viral infections of the upper respiratory tract.|
|MON T 109/l||0.13||(0 - 0.8)||As above|
|Plaquetas 109/l||5.5||(4 - 7.3)||Thrombocytes. Thrombocytosis is rare but can occur in bacterial infections. Thrombocytopaenia may be seen in disseminated intravascular coagulopathy (DIC), immunemediated thrombocytopenia, equine infectious anaemia (EIA), endotoxemia, equine ehrlichiosis, neoplasia, or as a result of severe haemorrhage. Artifactual reductions in platelet numbers can occur as a result of platelets clumping in EDTA.|
Svendsen, E.D., Duncan, J. and Hadrill, D. (2008) The Professional Handbook of the Donkey, 4th edition, Whittet Books, Appendix 1